How does your role as an instructional designer change when switching from traditional classroom group delivery of instruction to Web-based instruction? How does the design process change?

In the mode of WBT an Instructional Designer (ID) understands that there is no face to face interaction between faculty and a student. With that in mind, there are many other points that an ID has to consider in WBT.

  • A balance between the use of technology and instruction needs has to be created.
  • Appropriate usage of technology has to be considered in order to enhance learning.
  • An ID has to understand the needs of target audience and work around it.
  • In WBT objectives of a course has to be clearly expressed.
  • A well structured curriculum is the demand in WBT.
  • Theories of instruction should be adhered.
  • An ID has to take into consideration either synchronous or asynchronous type of delivery.
  • An ID has to focus on how to design the course such that student’s attention is captured and directed towards the learning process.
  • An ID should be ever ready to adapt the latest learning strategies to web technology.

The focus of the design process in WBT mode is more on flexibility, accessibility and convenience of the learners. The top priority is providing them with easily accessible design without losing the values of pedagogy.

I came across these websites regarding the topic –

ADDIE model

ADDIE stands for Analyze, Design, Develop, Implement, and Evaluate. It represents the five phases of this instructional design model where each step has an outcome that feeds the next step. This appears to be the starting point from which many models derive from and is widely used.  ADDIE model is not flexible.

There are more than 100 different ISD models, but almost all are based on the generic “ADDIE” model. Each step has an outcome that feeds the subsequent step.

Analysis –> Design –> Development –> Implementation –> Evaluation

I found this ongoing debate on ‘How relevant is the ADDIE model in 2009?’. It has interesting arguments from many ID’s.

Obstacles faced when implementing WBT. What can be done to address these issues in a productive manner

While implementing WBT, one big issue is the amount of time you have to invest for preparing the training material. It’s a dual work unlike LMS; the reason is while building course material in LMS, I don’t have to concentrate on design aspects. However, in WBT apart from working on the course material, I have to give lot of attention to ‘design work’ (I love designing though). This can be easily tackled by having  some templates in hand, so that a few changes like colors and images can be tweaked as the course demands.

Role that technology plays on changing the process of learning

Technology plays an exceptionally significant role in improving learning.  In this technology world educators are seeing that computers and multimedia based educational tools are smoothing the process of learning as well as enhancing social interaction. Technology is everywhere and in every industry. Computers and other technology like pod cast etc. can enhance the learning process. Technology has made Distance Education possible that involves audio and video interaction. Technology helps many student in varies ways, it makes learning enjoyable with less stress. To improve the learning process the ideal initiative would be to try and utilize every new technology tool.